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Institutional Capacity Building for Individual Countries









Capacity building grounded in the hands-on experience of our experts






Learn about Treasury's programs and knowledge products
for middle- and low-income countries.

The Public Debt Management group has worked with over 40 countries across all regions of the world, helping governments build institutional capacity in all areas required for effective management of government debt.

   PMN Engagements by RegionPDM Engagements by Income Level

Note: Blend countries are those eligible for both concessional and non-concessional World Bank financing. Other countries include non World Bank-borrowing countries.

Customized Advisory Engagements








Learn more about Treasury's advisory engagements in
select countries

The PDM group customizes every advisory engagement to meet the needs of the individual client. Our experts are available to support the reform process through the three main stages: (1) needs assessments/diagnostic, (2) design of reform plan, and (3) implementation.

  1. Needs Assessment: Comprehensive analysis of the current public debt management operation and recommendations for reform. This includes analysis of linkages to macroeconomic policy and cash management and may also include an evaluation of domestic debt market development (undertaken in partnership with World Bank financial sector development specialists).
  2. Reform Plan: Detailed and sequenced reform or project plan that aims to alleviate the weaknesses identified in the needs assessment. The plan includes expected outputs and outcomes, specific actions, sequencing and milestones, budgeting and resourcing. It may be used to seek support from other partners.
  3. Reform Implementation: Usually in conjunction with development partners and consultants, with the PDM team playing a key role in suggesting consultants, providing strategic oversight and ensuring quality control. In cases where there is a comparative advantage and resources are available, the PDM team is directly responsible for implementation.

Areas of Technical Expertise






Click here for applied research in these areas.

Clients have at their disposal a broad range of technical skills in Treasury and the World Bank to build capacity in the following areas:

  • Governance: including the legal framework, institutional arrangements, reporting and transparency
  • Debt management strategy and risk management: determining the composition of public debt
  • Capacity and management of internal operations: skill mix of staff, processes and procedures, and systems
  • Coordination with cash management, macroeconomic policy, and debt market development
  • Debt management strategy implementation and access to the capital and derivatives markets (with input from Treasury staff responsible for managing the World Bank’s balance sheet)