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Institutional Capacity Building for Individual Countries









Capacity building grounded in the hands-on experience of our experts






Learn about Treasury's programs and knowledge products
for middle- and low-income countries.

The Public Debt Management group has worked with over 40 countries across all regions of the world, helping governments build institutional capacity in all areas required for effective management of government debt.



Customized Advisory Engagements








Learn more about Treasury's advisory engagements in
select countries

The PDM group customizes every advisory engagement to meet the needs of the individual client. Our experts are available to support the reform process through the three main stages: (1) needs assessments/diagnostic, (2) design of reform plan, and (3) implementation.

  1. Needs Assessment: Comprehensive analysis of the current public debt management operation and recommendations for reform. This includes analysis of linkages to macroeconomic policy and cash management and may also include an evaluation of domestic debt market development (undertaken in partnership with World Bank financial sector development specialists).
  2. Reform Plan: Detailed and sequenced reform or project plan that aims to alleviate the weaknesses identified in the needs assessment. The plan includes expected outputs and outcomes, specific actions, sequencing and milestones, budgeting and resourcing. It may be used to seek support from other partners.
  3. Reform Implementation: Usually in conjunction with development partners and consultants, with the PDM team playing a key role in suggesting consultants, providing strategic oversight and ensuring quality control. In cases where there is a comparative advantage and resources are available, the PDM team is directly responsible for implementation.

Areas of Technical Expertise






Click here for applied research in these areas.

Clients have at their disposal a broad range of technical skills in Treasury and the World Bank to build capacity in the following areas:

Institutional Strengthening

  • Governance including the legal framework, institutional arrangements, reporting and transparency
  • Policy coordination with monetary and fiscal policies
  • Strengthening the relationship between debt and cash management to improve the implementation of the debt management strategy and supporting domestic market development
  • Capacity and management of internal operations skill mix of staff, processes and procedures, and systems

Technical Capacity Development

  • Debt management strategy, determining the composition of public debt
  • Debt management strategy implementation and access to the capital and derivatives markets through the borrowing programs, including measures to improve the functioning of the primary and secondary markets
  • Management of contingent liabilities, e.g. sovereign loan guarantees, guarantees issued to public private partnership schemes, legal claims against the government
  • Management of other fiscal risks where market-based mitigation is possible
  • Asset and liability management, management of the risks from an asset and liability management perspective, encompassing both sides of the government balance sheet